A kibbutz (in Hebrew literally means a “gathering” or “cluster”), is a collective community. The kibbutz movement started in the early 1900s and were created to be a utopian society tied to socialism and Zionism. These were traditionally based on agriculture: members of the kibbutz lived together and worked on farms, all sharing resources and taking the same pay. Children often lived and slept in their own separate house, together, away from their parents. Now many kibbutzim have moved towards other industries (high-tech, biotech, tourism, etc) and since then there are many kibbutzim spread across Israel.
One of my lab members (Amit) grew up in Eyal, a kibbutz in the Sharon region of Israel, north of Tel Aviv, near Petah Tikva and bordering the Qalqilyah in the West Bank (8). We were invited there for the Passover Seder and toured the kibbutz before. The kibbutz functions like a small town and is much more quiet and peaceful than Israeli (and Arab) cities. In the past families lived together but dined in a central dining hall (3), the “heart” of the kibbutz, but now the kibbutz has become increasingly modernized. Children no longer live independently and families eat together. The kibbutz itself has a small dairy farm (5, 6), an engineering consultancy, a vintage automobile museum (7), a winery, and an optics factory. It was a cool experience to see a kibbutz, as it is so distinct from the rest of Israel. It was even cooler to experience a Passover Seder there.